Vulgarity in Latin Trap

Latin trap has become extremely popular in the past few years. Artists like Bad Bunny, Anuel AA, Ozuna, Arcángel and Bryant Myers have been able to attract large audiences, frequently collaborating with each other, as well as with other Latin trap artists. Creating hits that become widely popular, they have reached hundreds of millions of views on YouTube and a similar amount of streams on Spotify.

Thus, this genre, with its great popularity and mass amount of listeners, obviously has a large platform. Yet, the genre is controversial amongst some people, particularly feminists, as this music is known to have vulgar and explicit lyrics about women and sex, as well as the glorification of drugs, money and weapons. If you put any song on by one of the artists mentioned above, or any other Latin trap artist, the lyrics are going to stand out. It is atypical for a song in this particular genre of music to not talk about the numerous sexual conquests of the men rapping the songs with explicit descriptions and to not objectify women, who are usually described for their bodies and their sexual performance.

When the wildly popular Colombian artist Maluma, who sings pop and reggaeton, dabbled in the genre of trap, there was immediate outrage. Maluma’s “Cuatro Babys,” which features Puerto Rican trap rappers Bryant Myers, Noriel and Juhn, was released in October 2016, and started great controversy. Particularly, the song was criticized by mothers whose children listen to Maluma’s music, as well as feminists, who described the song as being misogynistic and sexist.

The song basically discusses how he is in love with four different women, and can’t decide who to choose. His dilemma arises from the fact that they’re all good in bed and all four of them are always more than willing to satisfy him in the bedroom whenever he calls them. Essentially, these women are all at his disposal, and he describes in great and explicit detail their sexual encounters. As Yolanda Dominguez wrote in a Huffington Post opinion piece soon after the song was released, “It describes them as simple, interchangeable bodies that are at the service of the limitless, unrestrained and uncontrollable sexual desire of boys.”

Maluma is an extremely popular artist and has a very impressionable young audience of mainly prepubescent girls, thus the controversy makes sense. Yet, if a fan of Latin trap were to listen to the song, this song would not really stand out to them, in the grand scheme of this genre. Because, such lyrics are extremely common in Latin trap. Women are constantly described in such explicit manners, and are objectified in these songs.

Thus this begs the question: is Latin trap a deplorable genre of music that glorifies the portrayal of women as mere sex objects? And by listening to this music, is this in turn supporting these men’s views and perpetuating this idea that women should be viewed in this manner? Or, on the other hand, is Latin trap, and its lyrics, which describe street life and the artists’ perspectives from living in the hood, as Alejandro Pino, a scholar in cultural studies, describes it: a direct product of an entire culture that objectifies women in the first place? Are these artists merely just rapping about their personal experiences, and these lyrics are a mere social reflection of a cultural problem?

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The Benefits of Yoga

It isn’t news that exercise is an excellent way to not only physically stay in shape, but also mentally. There is a wide array of research that has been conducted in the past few decades that allude to the fact that exercise is a crucial element in the lifestyle of a person in order to stay healthy.

However, while going for a three-mile jog every morning before work is great, and hitting the gym every night after dinner to lift weights and do a series of cardio exercises is beneficial, yoga is often overlooked as a serious work out. There are a number of misconceptions on the practice of yoga.

I know that before I started practicing yoga, I would think of relaxation and meditation – something that doesn’t necessarily qualify as an intense exercise – as more of a peaceful activity that focuses on the mind rather than physical, grueling intensity. I used to foolishly associate yoga with something that puts people to sleep. However, there is actually a multitude of benefits that yoga brings, psychologically and physically-speaking. Here are some of the benefits of yoga:

1. Physical strength and overall health

Yoga consists of a wide array of poses – each one focuses on different areas of the body and all are meant to strengthen. Because each pose, even the simplest of poses, directly targets specific groups of muscles, muscles are toned in both the upper and the lower body. Yoga also helps with flexibility, which in turn helps to improve one’s posture, because poses focus so much on proper alignment and allow for more synchronized movements of the body. In addition, research has concluded that yoga reaps important physiological benefits, by helping to lower blood pressure, releasing toxins from the body, flushing out the lymphatic system and promoting a healthy heart overall.

2. Memory

According to Live Science, as well as some other studies that have been conducted in recent years, yoga has been found to improve memory. This may be a result of the fact that yoga heavily draws on repeated movements and visualizations. These strengthen both verbal and visual skills, as well as help with overall awareness and attention. People who have participated in these studies were found to have improvements in image association, as well as name and facial recognition.

3. Mental health

There are multiple studies out there that have shown that yoga helps relieve stress, depression and anxiety. With its focus on controlled, gentle breathing, as well as its precise postures and its emphasis on deep concentration, yoga has been found to lower depression, especially for those who practice consistently. Dr. Chris Streeter, who specializes in psychiatry and neurology at Boston University, states that yoga is a better alternative to taking antidepressant drugs, which bring a slew of side effects. Yoga targets the autonomic nervous system, and according to Streeter, if the autonomic nervous system is balanced out, “the rest of the brain works better.”

4. Insomnia

According to the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, and other independent studies that have been conducted, people who practice yoga and meditation are more likely to get a full 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night. Even researchers at Harvard Medical School have found that daily yoga practice results in significant improvements in the quality and quantity of sleep. Thus, yoga is a great way to help remedy insomnia, which leads to a long list of health problems, including obesity, depression and high blood pressure. Yoga is a great alternative to sleep medication, and can help reduce feelings of fatigue.

The Rise of Latin Music

At this point, if you haven’t listened to “Despacito,” then you’ve probably been living under a rock. The song, by the Puerto Rican singer Luis Fonsi and featuring Daddy Yankee, a Puerto Rican rapper and reggaeton superstar, remained number one for 31 consecutive weeks on the U.S. Hot Latin Songs chart. And, the song became YouTube’s most viewed and most liked video, with over 3.8 billion views.

When a remix of the song was released featuring Justin Bieber singing the Spanish chorus, the song reached an even larger market, gathering more success. This remixed version reached number one on the Hot 100, and remained there for 16 consecutive weeks, becoming the longest-remaining number one single in Hot 100’s history (tied with Mariah Carey’s song featuring Boyz II Men, “One Sweet Day”).

“Despacito,” however is only one recent example of the success that Spanish-language songs have garnered in the U.S. and abroad. In recent years, music charts have had a growing number of Latin artists featured. These artists, such as Nicky Jam, J Balvin, Don Omar, CNCO and Enrique Iglesias, are obtaining worldwide commercial success, primarily in the genres of pop and reggaeton. Reggaeton is an extremely popular music genre in Latin American countries, particularly in Puerto Rico and Colombia.

With “Despacito” having topped 50 international charts, including in the United States and United Kingdom, it is clear that more and more people, not just Latinos, have a growing interest in Spanish-language music. Reggaeton, Latin pop, and also Latin trap, have been growing in global popularity – with successful Latin trap artist Farruko even collaborating with Fetty Wap on his latest album, “Trapxficante.”  Spanish-language music is not just a niche market anymore.

If you go to any party with a DJ or to a club, it is more than likely that they’ll play Don Omar’s “Danza Kuduro” (which has nearly 1 billion views on YouTube) or Shakira’s “Chantaje.” Which, in addition to having more than 1.8 billion views on YouTube, is also ranked 20 in the most viewed YouTube videos.

Justin Bieber and Pharell Williams both collaborated with the extremely popular Colombian artist J Balvin. Little Mix remixed the popular boy band CNCO’s song “Reggaeton Lento.” This rise in Latin music of all genres, and its growing audience, has not only inspired artists like Justin Bieber, Pharell Williams and Little Mix, but has excelled in the commercial market all across the world.

Latin music is no longer something primarily streamed in Latin American countries, but now has made its way into the homes of many Americans and non-Spanish speakers alike.